Saturday, September 29, 2012

Rape in War [the paper]

By Julia Steciuk
Julia Steciuk prepared this paper for the International Law of War and Crime Seminar, summer 2012, in conjunction with the associated presentation which was previously published on ILS.
As noted then, Julia Steciuk, a second year student at Albany Law School, studied English as an undergraduate at Siena College. During her first year at Albany Law, Julia became Co-Director of Albany Law’s Animal Pro Bono Project, as well as President of the school’s Animal Legal Defense Fund chapter. Julia is a Research Assistant for Professor Vincent M. Bonventre, as well as an Associate Editor for the Center for Judicial Process. She spent her summer interning with the Albany County District Attorney’s Office.

Where there is war there is rape. Throughout history, rape has been used as a tool for a variety of purposes during war. However, it was not until after World War II that rape within the context of war gained the attention of the international legal community and when developments began to be made towards improving the abilities of prosecutors to charge and try rape offenders in the context of war.

Part I of this paper discusses the prosecution of rape in war within the context of the Nuremburg and Tokyo Trials. Part II examines developments in international law towards an increased recognition for victims of rape during such national trials. Parts III and IV discuss how these improvements have been implemented during the Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Tribunal for Rwanda, while also examining drawbacks that occurred for the prosecution of rape. Part V discusses further developments and limitations in prosecution of rape in war and Part VI concludes this work.
To read the paper, open HERE.